Research in this area focuses on top-level approaches to strategy, finance, and accountability worldwide, as well as internationalisation of digital platforms and global and international strategies.


  • Global and international strategies, including foreign direct investments, trade, and knowledge/technology management within multinational enterprises
  • Internationalisation of digital platforms
  • Transnational entrepreneurship
  • Top-level approaches to strategy, finance, and accountability worldwide, including strategic investments and controls

Research on global and international strategies has looked at the effects on global vs regional strategies, the challenges of digital platforms as they internationalise, and transnational entrepreneurship.

Empirical work has engaged with multinational enterprises, internationalising entrepreneurs, family firms, and the effect of networks and social capital. Specific focuses for study have included:

  • The internationalisation process of technology firms and of firms from emerging economies
  • The development of international relationships
  • Strategic investment decisions
  • Knowledge and innovation transfer between units

Research on top-level approaches to strategy, finance, and accountability include the roles of strategy versus finance, both in terms of strategic investment decisions and financial and accounting controls, taking into consideration the effects of institutional and cultural differences.

The studies here engage with diverse theoretical models, including economics, behavioural theory of the firm, institutional theory, social network and social capital theories, and more knowledge-based views of the firm. We draw here on extensive field studies worldwide and include deep longitudinal and organisational studies. This has led to publications in top academic and practice-focused journals, including:

  • Business History
  • Journal of Management
  • Journal of World Business
  • Sloan Management Review

Sample projects

  • Strategic investment decisions and differences in 21 countries worldwide, including the roles of strategy, finance, institutions, and culture
  • Global concentration of sectors and consequent implications for global versus regional strategies, including multinationals and family firms
  • International strategies and the effects of networks and social capital, and differences across countries, including smaller and medium-sized businesses
  • Knowledge, learning, and relationships in the internationalisation of technology firms